Bordered by the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and home to the world’s largest river, highest mountain range outside Asia, and biggest rainforest, South America has a long history with Presbyterian mission work. The first Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Brazil in 1859, and the Presbyterian Church of Brazil was established in 1864. The PC(USA) now has partnerships with Presbyterian or Reformed denominations in seven South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. In addition it supports and works closely with AIPRAL (Association of Presbyterian and Reformed Churches in Latin America), a branch of the World Association of Reformed Churches. Through AIPRAL, the PC(USA) is in contact with churches from Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay.